MEC 4722 Capstone Project students are not obligated to fulfill requirements for Stakeholder Consultation. This process has been completed by the Uganda Electricity Access Scale-up Project (EASP) implementing agencies---the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development (MEMD), the Rural Electrification Agency (REA), and the Uganda Energy Credit Capitalization Company (UECCC)---as mandated by the World Bank Group Investment Project Financing (IPF) Directive.
Please read and review the lesson plan content below, including the primary reference documents in numbered brackets. This will provide the context for stakeholder engagement and consultation process completed by the EASP implementing agencies.
At the end of this section you will find the following EASP documents:
- Concept Environmental and Social Review Summary, Concept Stage (ESRS Concept Stage); and
- Environmental and Social Commitment Plan (ESCP), 9 June 2020
- Draft Stakeholder Engagement Plan (SEP), 1 June 2020
- Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF), 1 June 2020
- Environmental and Social Review Summary (ESRS), Appraisal Stage, 25 January 2021
Read documents 1 and 5. Briefly review documents 2 and 3, as they also contain information and/or resources that may be relevant to MES 4722 Capstone Project tasks.
Lesson Plan Content:
STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT AND CONSULTATION
In the context of international development funding, the World Bank Group (WBG) has enacted a policy by means of an Investment Project Financing (IPF) Directive  that requires borrowers to engage with stakeholders as an integral part of the project’s environmental and social assessment, and project design and implementation.
National stakeholder engagement and consultation for development planning and implementation is a continuing and iterative process. Borrowers (or beneficiaries) are required engage with stakeholders throughout the project life cycle, commencing such engagement as early as possible in the project development process and continuing within a timeframe that enables meaningful consultations with stakeholders on project design. The nature, scope and frequency of stakeholder engagement are required to be proportionate to the nature and scale of the project and its potential risks and impacts.
Stakeholders are categorized into three groups: (i) core decision makers; (ii) affected groups and individuals; and (iii) others with interest or influence, as shown in Figure 1, Stakeholder Categories :
Figure 1. Stakeholder Categories
Core Decision Makers: Core decision makers are stakeholders who are directly responsible for aspects of project decision-making, i.e., government agencies directly responsible for approval processes related to the project, implementing agency staff and their consultants at the technical and management levels, board members of firms or institutions where appropriate, contractors and sub-contractors, and financial institutions providing funding and support to the project, such as multilateral finance institutions.
Source: Inter-American Development Bank
Affected Groups and Individuals: Affected Groups and Individuals may include: intended beneficiaries, clients of a bank or multilateral finance institution who may be required to adopt and implement requirements for environmental and social management, and project workers and their representatives.
Other Interested Parties: Others with interest or influence, or “other interested parties,” are individuals, groups, or organizations with an interest in the project because of its location, its characteristics, its impacts, or matters related to public interest.
Core Decision Makers, Affected Groups and Individuals, and Other Interested Parties in the international development community are specified under the World Bank Group (WBG) Environmental & Social Framework, ESS10: Stakeholder Engagement (GN5.2) . Stakeholders may include regulators, government officials, the private sector, the scientific community, academics, unions, women’s organizations, other civil society organizations and cultural groups, domestic or foreign.
Under normal circumstances, and depending on the scope and scale of healthcare facilities development, stakeholder engagement under the WBG Environmental & Social Framework requires months, or years, to implement. However, in emergency settings, such as in the COVID-19 pandemic, several steps are expedited, or limited due to health security priorities.
In 2005, the World Health Organization (WHO) recognized preparedness for health emergencies as one of the three strategic priorities in the WHO’s thirteenth General Programme of Work (GPW13), 2019– 2023  with the stated goal to “protect one billion more people from health emergencies.”
The GPW13 mandated National Action Planning for Health Security (NAPHS)  for health emergencies utilizing a three phase, accelerated “whole-of-government” approach, as shown in Figure 2, Three Phase National Action Planning for Health Security, below. The NAPHS captures national priorities for health security, brings sectors together, identifies partners and allocates resources for health security capacity development in times of crisis, but limits stakeholder engagement.
Figure 2. Three Phase National Action Planning for Health Security
Source: World Health Organization (WHO), National Action Planning for Health Security (NAPHS)
While there is no codified standard for stakeholder engagement in the GPW13 mandate, or other emergency response platforms, the WBG has published guidelines under the One Health: Operation Framework for Strengthening Human, Animal and Environmental Health Systems at their Interface . One Health details an inclusive stakeholder engagement process (see Figure 3, Guide for Applying the One Health Operational Framework in Project Phases, below) that addresses the need for targeted investments that prevent, prepare, detect, respond to and recover from issues like diseases with pandemic potential, such as COVID-19, and includes stakeholder engagement in all project phases.
Figure 3. Guide for Applying the One Health Operational Framework in Project Phases
Source: World Bank Group (2018): Guide for Applying the One Health Operational Framework in Project Phases, pg. xii
Review the following documents as per instructions posted in the MEC 4722 instructions, as follows:
- Read documents 1 and 5;
- Review documents 2 -3 in depth for information and/or resources that may be relevant to your MES 4722 Capstone Project tasks or deliverables.
|1. Concept Environmental and Social Review Summary, Concept Stage (ESRS Concept Stage), 25 September 2019|
|File Size:||136 kb|
|2. Environmental and Social Commitment Plan (ESCP), 9 June 2020|
|File Size:||254 kb|
|3. Draft Stakeholder Engagement Plan (SEP), 1 June 2020|
|File Size:||1751 kb|
|4. Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF), 1 June 2020|
|File Size:||8326 kb|
|5. Environmental and Social Review Summary (ESRS), Appraisal Stage, 25 January 2021|
|File Size:||146 kb|
See Resources for additional Stakeholder Consultation utilizing Threshold 21 (T21) Systems Dynamic (SD) Modeling software applications.
WEBINAR SLIDES - 11 MAY 2021
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